Advanced search
HomeKerala 2021Candidates who have not declared PAN

Kerala 2021

Election Summary

HIGHLIGHTS OF CANDIDATES
Total number of constituencies analyzed=141
Total candidates analyzed by NEW = 935
Candidates with declared criminal cases = 359 (38%)
Candidates with declared serious criminal cases = 170 (18%)
Crorepati candidates = 253 (27%)
Candidates who are graduate or above = 376 (40%)
Candidates who have not declared PAN = 161 (17%)
Total women candidates = 104 (11%)
HIGHLIGHTS OF WINNERS
 
Total winners analyzed by NEW = 136
Winners with declared criminal cases = 96 (71%)
Winners with declared serious criminal cases = 37 (27%)
Crorepati winners = 75 (55%)
Winners who are graduate or above = 83 (61%)
Winners who have not declared PAN = 5 (4%)
Total women winners = 11 (8%)

Candidates who have not declared PAN

Order by: Candidate |Constituency |Party|Criminal Cases|Education|Total Assets|Liabilities
Sno Candidate Constituency Party Criminal Case Education Total Assets Liabilities∇
1C D SreelalKAIPAMANGALAM Bharath Dharma Jana Sena010th Pass Rs 31,17,935
~ 31 Lacs+
Rs 76,19,915
~ 76 Lacs+
2K. AnsalanNEYYATTINKARA CPI(M)312th Pass Rs 52,18,752
~ 52 Lacs+
Rs 17,67,000
~ 17 Lacs+
3M. V. GeorgePOONJAR IND0Post Graduate Rs 1,41,71,300
~ 1 Crore+
Rs 15,00,000
~ 15 Lacs+
4Varinjam RajeevCHATHANNUR IND010th Pass Rs 18,25,000
~ 18 Lacs+
Rs 14,89,445
~ 14 Lacs+
5Sunny MuthukulathelPERAVOOR IND05th Pass Rs 22,90,360
~ 22 Lacs+
Rs 13,48,521
~ 13 Lacs+
6Muraleedharan NairNEMOM IND010th Pass Rs 1,53,000
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 12,00,000
~ 12 Lacs+
7Liyakathali PTRIKARIPUR SDPI110th Pass Rs 29,18,207
~ 29 Lacs+
Rs 11,00,000
~ 11 Lacs+
8Jayaprakasan K.P.TARUR BJP1Graduate Rs 20,68,500
~ 20 Lacs+
Rs 8,89,654
~ 8 Lacs+
9K. P. Cheriya Muhammed S/O KunhoyiTHIRUVAMBADY IND0Literate Rs 1,59,80,500
~ 1 Crore+
Rs 6,60,000
~ 6 Lacs+
10P. JijiVENGARA CPI(M)5Post Graduate Rs 2,33,958
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 6,08,101
~ 6 Lacs+
11M V JosephTRIKARIPUR IND08th Pass Rs 21,86,744
~ 21 Lacs+
Rs 5,19,500
~ 5 Lacs+
12Ibrahimkutty M S/O PokkerPERAMBRA IND08th Pass Rs 24,24,146
~ 24 Lacs+
Rs 5,08,686
~ 5 Lacs+
13Arampally VijayarajNEMOM IND010th Pass Rs 7,96,000
~ 7 Lacs+
Rs 4,01,000
~ 4 Lacs+
14Archana PrajithCHADAYAMANGALAM Welfare Party Of India0Graduate Rs 10,77,093
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 4,00,000
~ 4 Lacs+
15RajendradasTHIRUVALLA BSP010th Pass Rs 7,85,000
~ 7 Lacs+
Rs 3,50,000
~ 3 Lacs+
16ChandranAROOR IND012th Pass Rs 21,21,000
~ 21 Lacs+
Rs 3,50,000
~ 3 Lacs+
17N.K.BijuPARAVUR BSP010th Pass Rs 34,57,770
~ 34 Lacs+
Rs 3,47,927
~ 3 Lacs+
18Arun KumarMAVELIKARA CPI(M)5Graduate Rs 12,56,500
~ 12 Lacs+
Rs 3,07,021
~ 3 Lacs+
19Sanju KMAVELIKARA BJP510th Pass Rs 4,73,500
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 3,00,000
~ 3 Lacs+
20O S AmbikaATTINGAL CPI(M)010th Pass Rs 1,14,91,296
~ 1 Crore+
Rs 3,00,000
~ 3 Lacs+
21Adv. Anju MathewKADUTHURUTHY BSP0Graduate Professional Rs 12,20,500
~ 12 Lacs+
Rs 3,00,000
~ 3 Lacs+
22Muhammed Musthafa K PPERINTHALMANNA IND010th Pass Rs 16,80,620
~ 16 Lacs+
Rs 2,56,000
~ 2 Lacs+
23Prakash.CNENMARA BSP012th Pass Rs 5,49,447
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 2,50,000
~ 2 Lacs+
24Firoz S/O AvarankuttyTANUR IND010th Pass Rs 1,02,000
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 2,50,000
~ 2 Lacs+
25Baby SKOLLAM Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India08th Pass Rs 5,25,000
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 2,00,000
~ 2 Lacs+
26Myna GopinathKAYAMKULAM SUCI(C)0Graduate Rs 5,52,750
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 2,00,000
~ 2 Lacs+
27VelayudhanANGAMALY IND0Literate Rs 9,38,500
~ 9 Lacs+
Rs 1,99,602
~ 1 Lacs+
28Advocate G. Anil KumarCHIRAYINKEEZHU Welfare Party Of India0Graduate Professional Rs 6,48,666
~ 6 Lacs+
Rs 1,86,000
~ 1 Lacs+
29Bhargavan SKARUNAGAPPALLY SUCI(C)012th Pass Rs 6,45,300
~ 6 Lacs+
Rs 1,66,860
~ 1 Lacs+
30SasikumarMAVELIKARA SUCI(C)010th Pass Rs 11,36,179
~ 11 Lacs+
Rs 1,58,896
~ 1 Lacs+
31Bindu W/O ShivadasanIRINJALAKKUDA IND05th Pass Rs 32,00,000
~ 32 Lacs+
Rs 1,50,000
~ 1 Lacs+
32M V CherianPUTHUPPALLY SUCI(C)0Graduate Rs 15,76,261
~ 15 Lacs+
Rs 1,50,000
~ 1 Lacs+
33Suku BalanKONNI Ambedkarite Party of India05th Pass Rs 10,64,500
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 1,00,000
~ 1 Lacs+
34Chandran ThiyyathCHELAKKARA SDPI110th Pass Rs 2,01,000
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 1,00,000
~ 1 Lacs+
35Abdul MuneerKODUVALLY IND08th Pass Rs 8,40,802
~ 8 Lacs+
Rs 1,00,000
~ 1 Lacs+
36Prasobh .TMALAPPURAM BSP0Post Graduate Rs 16,42,519
~ 16 Lacs+
Rs 95,000
~ 95 Thou+
37K. BabuNENMARA CPI(M)5Graduate Rs 44,16,181
~ 44 Lacs+
Rs 90,000
~ 90 Thou+
38Biju MattappallyPEERUMADE BSP18th Pass Rs 9,93,000
~ 9 Lacs+
Rs 85,000
~ 85 Thou+
39Suresh DMAVELIKARA Ambedkarite Party of India010th Pass Rs 2,20,500
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 73,000
~ 73 Thou+
40Asha PrakashATTINGAL Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India08th Pass Rs 4,71,000
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 70,000
~ 70 Thou+
41Brijeshkumar M. S/O AmbuKALLIASSERI IND010th Pass Rs 6,73,260
~ 6 Lacs+
Rs 60,300
~ 60 Thou+
42Rasheedali S/O MammunniMANKADA IND08th Pass Rs 22,30,189
~ 22 Lacs+
Rs 50,000
~ 50 Thou+
43John D Souza IMANJESHWAR IND010th Pass Rs 25,85,000
~ 25 Lacs+
Rs 40,000
~ 40 Thou+
44K MaheshPUNALUR SUCI(C)012th Pass Rs 3,00,000
~ 3 Lacs+
Rs 30,000
~ 30 Thou+
45R.S. AnjuKUNNATHUR BSP010th Pass Rs 2,10,500
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 28,000
~ 28 Thou+
46P. KrishnammalPATHANAPURAM Marxist Communist Party of India (United)010th Pass Rs 13,40,700
~ 13 Lacs+
Rs 25,000
~ 25 Thou+
47N AbhijithKOZHIKODE NORTH IND012th Pass Rs 62,500
~ 62 Thou+
Rs 21,600
~ 21 Thou+
48Praveen CheruvathQUILANDY SUCI(C)010th Pass Rs 51,65,000
~ 51 Lacs+
Rs 14,000
~ 14 Thou+
49A.ShyjuVATTIYOORKAVU SUCI(C)012th Pass Rs 2,98,660
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
50Manikuttan.A.TKUNNATHUNAD BSP010th Pass Rs 5,31,000
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
51AjikumarMANNARKAD IND08th Pass Rs 1,500
~ 1 Thou+
Rs 0
~
52Abdul Gafoor K. KBEYPORE BSP010th Pass Rs 7,15,000
~ 7 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
53SureshMANNARKAD IND08th Pass Rs 40,800
~ 40 Thou+
Rs 0
~
54C. B. AshokanTHRIPUNITHURA SUCI(C)012th Pass Rs 30,68,500
~ 30 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
55T R SreedharanTHODUPUZHA SUCI(C)0Illiterate Rs 14,39,639
~ 14 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
56Krishnan ParappachalKANHANGAD IND08th Pass Rs 41,82,000
~ 41 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
57Kanchampazhinji SasikumarKOVALAM BSP18th Pass Rs 95,000
~ 95 Thou+
Rs 0
~
58Abhilash K VPAYYANNUR IND0Graduate Rs 30,11,000
~ 30 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
59Subeendran K.CALAPPUZHA BSP28th Pass Rs 10,144
~ 10 Thou+
Rs 0
~
60K.T.K Rama PadannayilVADAKARA IND010th Pass Rs 13,03,106
~ 13 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
61C. K. ThampiMUVATTUPUZHA SUCI(C)010th Pass Rs 8,45,787
~ 8 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
62Baiju PathanapuramPATHANAPURAM Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India010th Pass Rs 20,000
~ 20 Thou+
Rs 0
~
63Firos ParuvingalTHAVANUR IND010th Pass Rs 1,67,000
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
64Razak PaleriKONDOTTY Welfare Party Of India2Post Graduate Rs 28,21,690
~ 28 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
65P K SubramanianOLLUR BSP08th Pass Rs 2,45,550
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
66Anu M.CVARKALA BSP0Graduate Rs 3,73,455
~ 3 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
67Sudhan VellarikkundTRIKARIPUR Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India08th Pass Rs 3,20,000
~ 3 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
68A .SabooraTHIRUVANANTHAPURAM SUCI(C)012th Pass Rs 78,349
~ 78 Thou+
Rs 0
~
69Tomy ChemarapallilPOONJAR IND110th Pass Rs 10,95,202
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
70T N RajanCHALAKKUDY IND010th Pass Rs 19,37,604
~ 19 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
71Ramachandran P VKANNUR IND010th Pass Rs 41,99,530
~ 41 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
72Sulaiman HajiKONDOTTY IND05th Pass Rs 84,40,704
~ 84 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
73Abdul Nazar M KTHRITHALA SDPI010th Pass Rs 9,29,000
~ 9 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
74M T ThomasTHODUPUZHA IND0Literate Rs 80,04,813
~ 80 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
75Venganoor AsokanKOVALAM IND010th Pass Rs 3,353
~ 3 Thou+
Rs 0
~
76MadhuKARUNAGAPPALLY Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India08th Pass Rs 2,20,000
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
77ShylendranALAPPUZHA Bahujan Dravida Party08th Pass Rs 2,46,000
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
78Navas C. M.VAMANAPURAM IND18th Pass Rs 40,23,500
~ 40 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
79C N MukundanPIRAVOM SUCI(C)010th Pass Rs 6,22,714
~ 6 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
80Praveen Kumar SMANJESHWAR Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India010th Pass Rs 1,52,000
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
81Jaleel S/O. Muhammad KuttyTHAVANUR IND010th Pass Rs 4,30,000
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
82C V Ibrahim S/O MuhammedKONDOTTY IND0Literate Rs 9,12,700
~ 9 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
83V.A RasheedALUVA SDPI410th Pass Rs 2,16,565
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
84P.P. SivanOTTAPALAM BSP0Literate Rs 4,25,000
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
85Kunhambu K S/O Kuttappan K CUDMA IND05th Pass Rs 6,100
~ 6 Thou+
Rs 0
~
86Mohanan K.P. Kaithavecha ParambathKUTHUPARAMBA IND08th Pass Rs 3,56,398
~ 3 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
87Subrahmanyan KanaranQUILANDY IND08th Pass Rs 21,08,000
~ 21 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
88Dharmajan P KCHALAKKUDY SUCI(C)0Others Rs 4,229
~ 4 Thou+
Rs 0
~
89N K SurendranKANNUR IND05th Pass NilRs 0
~
90Sajadurahman.C.PNILAMBUR IND012th Pass Rs 43,247
~ 43 Thou+
Rs 0
~
91E. KunjumonKOTTARAKKARA SUCI(C)010th Pass Rs 500
~ 5 Hund+
Rs 0
~
92Vimal Mallika VijayanNATTIKA BSP012th Pass Rs 5,13,446
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
93NiyasTIRURANGADI IND012th Pass Rs 4,16,516
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
94Arun Babu. P. C.THRIPUNITHURA SHS28th Pass Rs 5,11,000
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
95Adv. Sumayya NajeebKARUNAGAPPALLY SDPI0Graduate Professional Rs 16,46,750
~ 16 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
96Sakkeer E K S/O AsiyaPERAVOOR IND010th Pass Rs 3,60,000
~ 3 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
97M.AliMANKADA IND0Literate Rs 54,11,200
~ 54 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
98Ancy GeorgePOONJAR BSP010th Pass Rs 10,00,000
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
99Nayana UnnikrishnanKALAMASSERY IND012th Pass Rs 25,000
~ 25 Thou+
Rs 0
~
100ManoharanKONNI IND010th Pass Rs 2,83,278
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
101Mani C. KuriakosePALA IND08th Pass Rs 21,372
~ 21 Thou+
Rs 0
~
102E.K. Kunhahamedkutty MasterVENGARA Welfare Party Of India05th Pass Rs 4,64,66,000
~ 4 Crore+
Rs 0
~
103Rameshan KUDMA IND010th Pass Rs 45,000
~ 45 Thou+
Rs 0
~
104Abdulla S/O PokkerKUTTIADI IND0Literate Rs 26,91,047
~ 26 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
105Jain WilsonNEMOM IND0Graduate Rs 25,000
~ 25 Thou+
Rs 0
~
106Ayyappan Kutty. T.C.SHORNUR BSP010th Pass Rs 5,55,500
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
107Shamsuddeen S/O. YusafMANNARKAD IND08th Pass Rs 87,000
~ 87 Thou+
Rs 0
~
108ManmadhanTHRIKKAKARA : BYE ELECTION ON 31-05-2022 IND010th Pass Rs 1,62,500
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
109K RahimKOZHIKODE NORTH SUCI(C)012th Pass Rs 74,158
~ 74 Thou+
Rs 0
~
110Sasi KizhakkanVALLIKKUNNU BSP010th Pass Rs 32,42,000
~ 32 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
111Balaraman K S/O KunjunniTHRITHALA IND08th Pass Rs 10,40,000
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
112Santhosh AdooranKUNDARA IND012th Pass Rs 11,41,500
~ 11 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
113Raghu PKONNI Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India15th Pass Rs 97,000
~ 97 Thou+
Rs 0
~
114Najeeb KutteeriPERINTHALMANNA IND012th Pass Rs 14,57,000
~ 14 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
115Shanmughan ParavurCHATHANNUR Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India010th Pass Rs 5,10,000
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
116N.P. RadhakrishnanQUILANDY BJP110th Pass Rs 4,14,139
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
117Linto Joseph S/O SaliTHIRUVAMBADY IND0Graduate Rs 22,000
~ 22 Thou+
Rs 0
~
118Pramod PerumpuzhaAROOR Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India010th Pass Rs 20,000
~ 20 Thou+
Rs 0
~
119Ondan PaniyanSULTHANBATHERY IND05th Pass Rs 1,000
~ 1 Thou+
Rs 0
~
120Govindan B AlinthazeUDMA Ambedkarite Party of India0Literate Rs 35,500
~ 35 Thou+
Rs 0
~
121DaleemaAROOR CPI(M)010th Pass Rs 1,02,09,000
~ 1 Crore+
Rs 0
~
122Firoz S/O KunhumarakkarTANUR IND010th Pass Rs 4,84,400
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
123Ranjith Raj MKASARAGOD Anna Democratic Human Rights Movement Party of India0Illiterate Rs 20,000
~ 20 Thou+
Rs 0
~
124Bharathanoor ManirajVAMANAPURAM IND08th Pass Rs 2,55,000
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
125Abdul Gafoor PulikkalTIRUR IND05th Pass Rs 20,760
~ 20 Thou+
Rs 0
~
126Resmi RaviAZHIKODE SUCI(C)0Post Graduate Rs 37,393
~ 37 Thou+
Rs 0
~
127Moideen.K.M S/O MuhammedKUNNAMKULAM IND0Literate Rs 17,25,000
~ 17 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
128FaisalMANALUR SDPI110th Pass Rs 2,00,300
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
129ChandrikaBALUSSERI Welfare Party Of India010th Pass Rs 5,11,500
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
130SivadasanMANNARKAD BSP010th Pass Rs 4,94,993
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
131T.Sidique S/O AbdullaKALPETTA IND08th Pass Rs 2,00,383
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
132Eyyamkodu ManikuttanKOTTARAKKARA IND010th Pass Rs 1,76,000
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
133Aji KadasseryPATHANAPURAM IND08th Pass Rs 5,000
~ 5 Thou+
Rs 0
~
134Prasanth. C S/O Chandran. KNEDUMANGAD IND010th Pass Rs 39,500
~ 39 Thou+
Rs 0
~
135Rama Cheriya KayyilVADAKARA IND05th Pass Rs 8,11,500
~ 8 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
136A G AjayakumarETTUMANOOR SUCI(C)010th Pass Rs 10,29,464
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
137KeluMANANTHAVADY IND05th Pass Rs 10,83,605
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
138Sathyanesan EzhikkaraPARAVUR IND0Literate Rs 3,25,000
~ 3 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
139V.Abdurahiman S/O KathiyamuTANUR IND05th Pass Rs 37,78,000
~ 37 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
140Anoop GanganCHIRAYINKEEZHU IND0Graduate Rs 5,000
~ 5 Thou+
Rs 0
~
141RajasekharanNEMOM IND010th Pass Rs 10,48,816
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
142Anilkumar PVARKALA Democratic Human Rights Movement Party010th Pass Rs 44,000
~ 44 Thou+
Rs 0
~
143Sujith.K.SurendranKUNNATHUNAD IND010th Pass Rs 1,24,604
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
144Shamsuddeen S/O. HamzaMANNARKAD IND112th Pass Rs 11,500
~ 11 Thou+
Rs 0
~
145Sindhumol CPIRAVOM IND08th Pass Rs 1,78,000
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
146DharmendranBALUSSERI IND010th Pass Rs 7,80,000
~ 7 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
147Mayamol K PKANJIRAPPALLY SUCI(C)0Post Graduate Rs 1,54,797
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
148Suresh BabuMANNARKAD IND010th Pass Rs 2,15,000
~ 2 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
149Chala Mohanan DTHIRUVANANTHAPURAM IND012th Pass Rs 15,27,000
~ 15 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
150Antony Raju S/O RajuTHIRUVANANTHAPURAM IND012th Pass Rs 5,04,400
~ 5 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
151Abdul Samad. T S/O T Kunhamu HajiKANHANGAD SDPI210th Pass Rs 30,11,000
~ 30 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
152Sreekumar ChakkalaKOTTAYAM BSP010th Pass Rs 4,00,000
~ 4 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
153Shibu.K.ChadayamangalamCHADAYAMANGALAM IND010th Pass Rs 49,000
~ 49 Thou+
Rs 0
~
154S. Mujeeb RehmanPATTAMBI Welfare Party Of India2Graduate Rs 12,25,990
~ 12 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
155R. Kannan S/O RajanADOOR IND010th Pass Rs 57,000
~ 57 Thou+
Rs 0
~
156Velluparambath ChandranVADAKARA IND08th Pass Rs 10,000
~ 10 Thou+
Rs 0
~
157LakshmiMANANTHAVADY IND05th Pass Rs 10,06,000
~ 10 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
158A. ChandranCHITTUR BSP08th Pass Rs 20,45,771
~ 20 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
159Abdul Razak K S/O Ahmad KuttyKODUVALLY IND010th Pass Rs 14,26,620
~ 14 Lacs+
Rs 0
~
160Babu S/O KunchuNENMARA IND05th Pass Rs 10,000
~ 10 Thou+
Rs 0
~
161ShefeerVARKALA IND08th Pass Rs 1,37,300
~ 1 Lacs+
Rs 0
~

Disclaimer: The primary source for the data used for these reports is the sworn affidavits provided by the candidates themselves. Sheer volume of data that has to be read from the affidavits that are often poorly scanned and the lightening speed at which these reports have to be brought out makes it quite difficult to ensure accuracy of every bit of data. In case of any discrepancy in our reports vis a vis the original affidavit of any candidate, the original affidavit should be considered accurate. If you notice any discrepancies between affidavit and our report kindly let us know and we will fix them on our end as soon as possible.